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Filenames for fonts

We must limit ourselves to eight character names, for compatibility with DOS filesystems and the ISO 9660 standard used for CD-ROM distribution. Names may consist of only the letters (monocase a-z), numerals (0-9), and underscore.

Here is the basic division of the eight characters (the spaces here are merely for readability):

 S TT W [V...] [N] [E] [DD]


represents the supplier of the font.
represents the typeface name.
represents the weight.
represents the variant(s), and is omitted if both it and the width are normal. Many fonts have more than one variant.
represents the encoding, and is omitted if the encoding is nonstandard. Encodings are subsumed in the section on variants (see section Variants).
represents the width ("expansion"), and is omitted if it is normal.
represents the design size (in decimal), and is omitted if the font is linearly scaled. Mittelbach in TUGboat 13(1) proposes using hexadecimal or base-36 notation. I don't think the increased range makes up for the unreadability of the common sizes (e.g., 10pt fonts would have a suffix `a' (in hex), or `j' (in base 36)).

The weight, variants, and width are probably all best taken from the original name of the font, instead of trying to relate them to some external standard.


The supplier is the source of a font, typically a (digital) type foundry.

You should use the supplier letter which matches the supplier you obtained the font from, not the original source; for example, Avant Garde was designed by Herb Lubalin for ITC, but Adobe also sells it. The name of the font that you get from Adobe should start with `p'. This is because font resellers typically make modifications to the original design.

Notes on specific suppliers:

For fonts that are distributed without any specific attribution to the creator, by individuals, or by small foundries. (Unfortunately, we don't have enough characters to assign one to every font supplier in the world.)
obsolete; specifies raw fonts, in the old distribution of Dvips. New fonts should never use `r'. (The right thing to do is specify the correct encoding, variant, or whatever the font's characteristics actually are.)
for fonts that just don't fit well into the naming scheme. The `z' should be followed by the real supplier letter.

Here is the table from the file `supplier.map'. It is organized alphabetically by abbreviation. Each line consists of an abbreviation, directory name, and comment.

0 fontfont      FontFont
9 unknown
a autologi      Autologic
b bitstrea      Bitstream
c cg            Compugraphic
d dtc           Digital Typeface Corporation
e apple         Apple
f public        small foundries
g gnu           Free Software Foundation
h bh            Bigelow & Holmes
i itc           International Typeface Corporation
j microsft      Microsoft
k softkey       SoftKey
l linotype      Linotype
m monotype      Monotype
n ibm           IBM
o corel         Corel
p adobe         Adobe (`p' for PostScript)
r -             raw (for [obsolete] use with virtual fonts)
s sun           Sun
t paragrap      ParaGraph
u urw           URW
w wolfram       Wolfram
z -             bizarre (fontname is nonstandard)
- jknappen      Joerg Knappen
- yandy         Y&Y


For our purposes, a typeface is a collection of related fonts.

We sometimes use the same typeface abbreviation for fonts with different supplier names, where we know (usually by inspection) that the fonts truly are the same. This helps conserve abbreviations.

Notes on specific typefaces:

To explain a common confusion: `ad' is Adobe Garamond (with a `FontName' of `AGaramond'). This is quite different from the `Garamond' typeface distributed by Adobe, which is actually ITC Garamond. (Garamond No. 3 (`f3'), Simoncini Garamond (`ig'), and Stempel Garamond (`eg') are still other variations on the Garamond theme.)
These abbreviations for Lucida typeface subfamilies, et al., solve a problem with names getting too long, or help conserve variant abbreviations. See section Variants. Ideally, they would not exist.
Suppliers offer as many variations on the Times New Roman design as they do Garamond. Adobe has `Times', `TimesNewRoman', and `TimesNewRomanPS'. Although this last has been used by other foundries (e.g., Monotype) for a Times variation exactly compatible with Adobe's `Times', Adobe itself also offers it, so we must have abbreviations for all three.
For pi fonts. Since names of pi fonts are rather arbitrary, it is not useful to try to assign typeface abbreviations to all of them. Instead, we use the supplier letter, `pi', an arbitarily-assigned three-digit number, a weight and (if necessary) a variant. For example, `mpi001r'. Pi font `001' for one supplier has nothing to do with pi font `001' for another.

Here is the table, from the file `typeface.map'. It is organized alphabetically by abbreviation. Each line consists of an abbreviation and directory name, possibly followed by PostScript `FontName's and/or a comment in roman. The `FontName' may be preceded by a letter s and a `:', as in `b:Dutch'. In that case, the s is a supplier abbreviation, and we've used that abbreviation for the given `FontName' from that supplier.

a1 arial        Arial
a2 amasis       Amasis
a3 adlib        AdLib
a4 altgoth2     AlternateGothicNo2
a5 allegro      Allegro
a6 amelia       Amelia
a7 amertext     AmericanText
a8 aurora       Aurora
a9 adsans       Adsans b:Humanist970BT
aa aachen       Aachen
ab aboeckli     ArnoldBoecklin
ac acaslon      ACaslon                                 Adobe Caslon
ad agaramon     AGaramond                               Adobe Garamond
ag avantgar     AvantGarde m:MAvantGardeGothicPS u:URWGothicL
ah ashleysc     AshleyScript
ai abadi        Abadi
aj ajenson      AJenson
ak arkona       Arkona
al albertus     Albertus b:Flareserif821BT
am amercana     Americana b:Americana
an anna         Anna
ao atqolive     AntiqueOlive b:Incised901BT
ap apollo       Apollo
aq antiqua      Antiqua u:URWAntiqua m:BookAntiqua
ar arcadia      Arcadia
as aldus        Aldus
at atypewri     AmericanTypewriter
au auriol       Auriol b:Freeform721
av avenir       Avenir
ax alexa        Alexa
az azdzgrot     AkzidenzGrotesk b:Gothic725BT
b0 blackoak     Blackoak
b1 blado        Blado
b2 binnyos      BinnyOldStyle
b3 braggado     Braggadocio
b4 bison        Bison b:Brush738BT
b5 binghams     BinghamScript b:Freehand591BT
b6 block        Block b:Gothic821
b7 bernhard     Bernhard BernhardModern
b8 blippo       Blippo
b9 bremen       Bremen
ba barmeno      Barmeno
bb bembo        Bembo b:Aldine401BT
bc banco        Banco
bd bodoni       Bodoni
be bell         Bell
bf biffo        Biffo
bg benguiat     Benguiat
bh bauhaus      Bauhaus
bi birch        Birch
bk bookman      Bookman m:MBookmanPS u:URWBookmanL
bl belwe        Belwe
bm bulmer       Bulmer
bn bernard      Bernard
bo balloon      Balloon
bp bodocamp     BodoniCampanile b:Modern735
br berling      Berling b:Revival565BT
bs bakersig     BakerSignet
bt boton        Boton
bu brush        BrushScript
bv baskervi     Baskerville
bw broadway     Broadway
by berkeley     Berkeley
bz balzano      Balzano
c0 carolina     Carolina
c1 calisto      Calisto
c2 casln224     CaslonTwoTwentyFour
c3 caslon3      CaslonThree
c4 chicago      Chicago
c5 casln540     CaslonFiveForty
c6 clarion      Clarion
c7 compacta     Compacta
c8 calvert      Calvert
c9 codex        Codex b:Calligraphic421BT
ca caslon       Caslon
cb cooper       Cooper
cc cascade      Cascade b:Freehand471BT
cd clarendo     Clarendon
ce centenni     Centennial
cf clearfac     Clearface
cg charlema     Charlemagne
ch charter      Charter
ci candida      Candida
ck caslonbe     CaslonBookBE
cl cloister     Cloister
cm cm           Computer Modern
cn century      Century
co cochin       Cochin
cp copperpl     Copperplate
cq cheq         Cheq
cr courier      Courier m:MCourierPS m:CourierTwelveMT u:NumbusMonL
cs cntursbk     CenturySchoolbook
ct cheltenh     Cheltenham
cu centuros     CenturyOldStyle
cv clairvx      Clairvaux
cw cottonwd     Cottonwood
cx caxton       Caxton
cy city         City b:SquareSlabserif711BT
cz choc         Choc b:Staccato555BT
d0 davida       DavidaBold
dc domcasl      Dom DomCasual DomDiagonal
dd ducberry     DucDeBerry
de dellarob     DellaRobbia
di diotima      Diotima b:Calligraphic810BT
dj delta        Delta
dk diskus       Diskus
dl dolores      Dolores
dm delima       Delima
do didot        DidotLH
dr doric        Doric
ds dorchesc     DorchesterScript
dt dante        Dante
dy academy      Academy
e0 embassy      Embassy
e1 empire       Empire
ea lectra       Electra b:Transitional521BT
eb baskerbe     BaskervilleBE
ec applecha     e:AppleChancery
ee egyptian     Egyptian EgyptianExtended
ef egyptien     EgyptienneF
eg stgaramo     StempelGaramond b:OriginalGaramondBT
eh engsft       Engschrift
ei esprit       Esprit
ek eckmann      Eckmann b:Freeform710
el ellingtn     Ellington
en engraver     Engravers
eo amerigo      Amerigo b:AmerigoBT
er eras         Eras
es eurostil     Eurostile b:Square721BT k:Minima
et ehrhardt     Ehrhardt
eu euler        Euler
ex exclsior     Excelsior
f0 flemishs     FlemishScript
f1 fournier     Fournier
f2 facade       Facade
f3 festival     Festival
f4 footligh     Footlight
f5 french       FrenchScript
fa formata      Formata
fe forte        Forte
ff fairfld      Fairfield b:Transitional551BT
fg frankgth     FranklinGothic
fi figaro       Figaro
fl flora        Flora
fn fenice       Fenice
fo folio        Folio
fq frizquad     FrizQuadrata
fr frutiger     Frutiger b:Humanist777BT
fs falstaff     Falstaff
ft fettefrk     FetteFraktur Fraktur
fu futura       Futura
fx felixttl     FelixTitling
fy flyer        Flyer
g0 gando        Gando
g1 gothic13     GothicThirteen
g2 giddyup      Giddyup
g3 garamon3     GaramondThree b:AmericanGaramondBT      Garamond No. 3
g4 gymodern     GoudyModern
g5 gycatalg     GoudyCatalogue
g6 gorilla      GorillaITC
g9 ugaramon     GaramondRetrospective
gb gothicbb     GothicBBB
ge geneva       e:Geneva
gg garthgra     GarthGraphic
gh galahad      Galahad
gj granjon      Granjon b:ElegantGaramondBT
gl galliard     Galliard
gm garamond     Garamond
go gyoldsty     GoudyOldStyle
gp glypha       Glypha
gq grotesq      Grotesque u:URWGrotesk
gr gloucest     Gloucester
gs gillsans     GillSans m:GillAltOneMT b:Humanist521BT
gt goudytxt     GoudyText
gu guardi       Guardi
gv giovanni     Giovanni
gy goudy        Goudy
gz gazette      GazetteLH
h0 handelgo     HandelGothic
ha hadriano     Hadriano
hb hobo         Hobo Tramp
hc herculnm     Herculanum
hd headline     Headline
hg hiroshig     Hiroshige
hh highland     Highlander
hi hvinsera     HelveticaInserat b:Swiss921BT
hm charme       Charme
hn hvneue       HelveticaNeue
ho horleyos     HorleyOldStyle
hr hvround      HelveticaRounded
hs hnseati      Hanseatic B:Swiss924BT
ht hoeflert     e:HoeflerText
hv helvetic     Helvetica u:NimbusSans u:NumbusSanL b:Swiss721BT b:Monospace821BT b:Swiss911BT d:Sans Newton n:SonoranSansSerif
hw schadow      Schadow
hx huxleyvr     HuxleyVertical
i0 commscr      CommercialScript
i1 impress      Impress
i2 impuls       Impuls
ia insignia     Insignia
ib ibycus       Ibycus
ic impact       Impact
id isadora      Isadora
if inflex       Inflex
ig scgaramo     SimonciniGaramond b:ItalianGaramond
ii imprint      Imprint
il caecilia     Caecilia
im imago        Imago
in industri     Industria
io ionic        Ionic b:News701BT
ip impressm     Impressum
is italnos      ItalianOldStyle
it italia       Italia
iw ironwood     Ironwood
iy iowanold     IowanOldStyle
iz isabella     Isabella
jf jeffersn     Jefferson b:Freehand575BT
jn janson       Janson
jo joanna       Joanna
jp juniper      Juniper
kb kabel        Kabel
kg bankgoth     BankGothic
kl klang        Klang
kn kino         Kino
ko bookmano     BookmanOldStyle
kp kepler       Kepler
kr korinna      Korinna
ks kuenstsc     KuenstlerScript
ku kaufmann     Kaufmann
kw kolo         Kolo
kx kigali       Kigali
l1 liberty      Liberty
l2 libra        Libra
l3 lucia        Lucia
l4 lucian       Lucian
l5 baltica      Baltica
lb lubaling     LubalinGraph
lc lucida       Lucida
le legacy       Legacy
lf life         Life
lg lettrgth     LetterGothic ISILGothic
lh lubright     LucidaBright
li latin        Latin
ll linolett     LinoLetter
ln lino         Lino
lo lithos       Lithos
ls lucsans      LucidaSans
lt lutetia      Lutetia
lw leawood      Leawood
lx lucidfax     LucidaFax
ly lydian       Lydian
m0 monospac     Monospace
m1 monolisc     MonolineScript
m2 metro        Metro b:Geometric415BT
m3 mirarae      Mirareae
m4 mrearl       MisterEarl
m5 murrayhl     MurrayHill
m6 mittlsft     Mittelschrift
m7 matura       Matura
m8 monotyos     MonotypeOldStyle
ma mandate      Mandate b:Freehand521BT
mc monaco       e:Monaco
md meridien     Meridien
me mercursc     MercuriusScript
mg marigold     Marigold
mh machine      Machine
mi medici       Medici
mj mojo         Mojo
ml melior       Melior b:ZapfElliptical711BT
mn minion       Minion
mo modern       Modern b:Modern20BT
mp memphis      Memphis b:GeometricSlab703BT
mq mesquite     Mesquite
mr madrone      Madrone
ms mistral      Mistral b:Staccato222BT
mt minister     Minister
mv malvern      Malvern
mx maximus      Maximus
my myriad       Myriad
mz amazone      Amazone
n0 normande     Normande
n1 binner       Binner not really a family
na newaster     NewAster
nb nbaskerv     NewBaskerville
nc ncntrsbk     NewCenturySchlbk u:CenturySchL
nd ncaledon     NewCaledonia
nf nofret       Nofret
ng newsgth      NewsGothic
ni nimrod       Nimrod
nk neograph     Neographik
nl neuland      Neuland b:Informal011BT
nm nimbus       Nimbus
nn nclarend     NewClarendon
no notredam     NotreDame
np nsplanti     NewsPlantin
nr nberolin     NewBerolina
ns timesnps     TimesNewRomanPS
nt timesnew     TimesNewRoman m:TimesNR n:SonoranSerif
nu nuptial      Nuptial
nv novarese     Novarese
nw neueunzi     NeueHammerUnziale
nx nyx          Nyx
nz neuzeits     NeuzeitS b:Geometric706BT
o0 oldreadf     OldDreadfulNo7
o1 oranda       Oranda
o2 orbitb       OrbitB
o3 colonna      Colonna
o4 oceansan     OceanSans
o5 comic        Comic
o7 oldsty7      OldStyleSeven
o8 officina     Officina
oa ocra         OCR-A
ob ocrb         OCR-B
oc concorde     Concorde
oe oldengli     OldEnglish b:English157
of oxford       Oxford
oi ondine       Ondine Mermaid b:FormalScript421BT
oj oldclaud     OldClaude
ol colmcill     Colmcille
om omnia        Omnia
on corona       Corona
op optima       Optima d:Optimum b:ZapfHumanist601BT Omega
oq ouch         Ouch
or orator       Orator
os oldstyle     OldStyle
ot coronet      Coronet b:Ribbon131BT
ov octavian     Octavian
ox onyx         Onyx
oy olympian     Olympian l:OlympicLH
oz ozhandcr     OzHandicraft
p0 poplar       Poplar
p1 palacesc     PalaceScript
p2 pepita       Pepita
p3 palette      Palette b:Brush445BT
p4 pioneer      PioneerITC
p5 piranesi     Piranesi
p6 blueprin     Blueprint
p7 petersbu     Petersburg
pa parkave      ParkAvenue
pb ptbarnum     PtBarnum
pc poetica      PoeticaChancery s:Scriptoria
pd placard      Placard
pe prestige     PrestigeElite
pf profile      Profile Profil b:Decorated035BT
pg peignot      Peignot b:Exotic350BT
ph photina      Photina
pi pi           pi fonts---see text and `*.map' files
pj pompeija     Pompeijana
pl palatino     Palatino d:Palton b:ZapfCalligraphic801BT u:URWPalladioL Palmspring k:Palindrome
pm postmed      PostMediaeval
pn plantin      Plantin b:Aldine721BT
po ponderos     Ponderosa
pp perpetua     Perpetua b:Lapidary333BT
pq postatqa     PostAntiqua
pr popplres     PopplResidenz
ps parisian     Parisian
pt present      Present
pu popplaud     PopplLaudatio
pw perrywoo     Perrywood
px popplpfx     PopplPontifex
py playbill     Playbill
pz poliphil     Poliphilus
qr quorum       Quorum
qs bellevue     Bellevue
qt boulevar     Boulevard
r0 romana       Romana
r1 rotis        RotisSemiSerif
r2 cantoria     Cantoria
r3 rotis        RotisSemiSans
r4 rotis        RotisSansSerif
ra raleigh      Raleigh
rc romic        Romic
rm carmina      Carmina
rn rotation     Rotation
ro rotis        RotisSerif
rp reporter     Reporter
rq russelsq     RussellSquare
rr raphael      Raphael
rs arrus        Arrus
rt carta        Carta
ru runic        Runic
rv revue        Revue
rw rockwell     Rockwell Slate b:GeometricSlab712BT
rc rustican     Rusticana
ry ryumin       Ryumin
rz ruzicka      RuzickaFreehandLH
s0 sanmarco     SanMarco
s1 scotchro     ScotchRoman
s2 script       Script
s3 seagull      Seagull
s4 shotgun      Shotgun ShotgunBlanks
s5 snell        Snell
s6 stuyvesa     Stuyvesant
s7 sassoon      Sassoon
s8 stonesan     StoneSans
sa scala        Scala
sb sabon        Sabon b:ClassicalGaramondBT
sc slimbach     Slimbach
sf serifa       Serifa
sg serifgth     SerifGothic
sh shannon      Shannon
si stoneinf     StoneInformal
sk skia         e:Skia
sl stencil      Stencil
sm spectrum     Spectrum
sn spartan      Spartan
so sonata       Sonata
sp serpenti     Serpentine
sr snellrnd     SnellRoundhand
ss stschnei     StempelSchneidler
st stone        StoneSerif
sv souvenir     Souvenir
sw swing        Swing
sx syntax       Syntax
sy symbol       Symbol m:MSymbolPS u:StandardSymL
t0 tango        Tango
t1 thunderb     Thunderbird
t2 typo         TypoUpright
tb bebodoni     BodoniBE BBodoni                        Berthold Bodoni
te timeseur     TimesEuropa
tf tiffany      Tiffany
tg tradegth     TradeGothic
th tahoma       Tahoma
ti techphon     TechPhonetic
tj trajan       Trajan
tk tekton       Tekton
tl castella     Castellar
tm times        Times u:NimbusRoman u:NimbusRomNo9L b:Dutch801BT
to torino       Torino b:Industrial736BT
tp tempo        Tempo
tv trumpmed     TrumpMediaeval b:Kuenstler480BT
tw twentyc      TwentiethCentury
ty typewrit     Typewriter
u0 columbus     Columbus
ub babodoni     BauerBodoni
ud studio       Studio
ug bengugth     BenguiatGothic
uh cushing      Cushing
ul universa     Universal
um umbra        Umbra
un univers      Univers b:ZurichBT
ur centaur      Centaur b:Venetian301BT
ut utopia       Utopia
uw usherwoo     Usherwood
uy universi     University
v0 vineta       Vineta
va activa       Activa
vc vectora      Vectora
vd vandijck     VanDijck
vg visigoth     Visigoth
vi victoria     Victoria
vj veljovic     Veljovic
vn verdana      Verdana
vl versaill     Versailles
vr vagrnd       VAGRounded
vv viva         Viva
w0 weddingt     WeddingT
wb walbaum      Walbaum
wd weideman     Weidemann
wg wlklgth      WilhelmKlingsporGotisch
wh wendy        Wendy
wi wingding     Wingdings
wk wilke        Wilke
wn windsor      Windsor
wr wittenbe     WitternbergerFrakt
ws weiss        Weiss
wt watertit     WatersTitling
ww willow       Willow
xc eccentri     Eccentric
xp exponto      ExPonto
yg centuryg     CenturyGothic
yh strayhor     Strayhorn
ym stymie       Stymie
ys goudysan     GoudySans
za zantiqua     ZAntiqua
zc zapfchan     ZapfChancery m:ZapfChanceryPS u:URWChanceryL
zd zapfding     ZapfDingbats m:ZapfDingbatsPS u:Dingbats
zg neuzeitg     NeuzeitGrotesk
zp ziptydo      ZiptyDo
zt zeitgeis     Zeitgeist
__ agbook       AGBookStencil
__ agbookrn     AGBookRounded        
__ agoldfac     AGOldFace            
__ agschlbk     AGSchoolbook         
__ aja          Aja
__ albertin     AlbertinaMT          
__ amigo        Amigo
__ andreas      Andreas
__ ariadne      Ariadne
__ banshee      Banshee
__ beesknee     Beesknees
__ bellcent     BellCentenial
__ berlgrot     BerlinerGrotesk
__ bermuda      BermudaLP            
__ berthold     BertholdScript
__ bickham      BickhamScript
__ blueisla     BlueIsland           
__ bodoniof     BodoniOldFaceBE      
__ bossanov     BossaNovaMVB         
__ briemaka     BriemAkademi
__ briemscr     BriemScript
__ buffalog     BuffaloGalMT         
__ caflisch     CaflischScript
__ caliban      Caliban
__ catull       Catull
__ celestia     CelestiaAntiqua
__ cerigo       Cerigo
__ chaparra     Chaparral
__ christia     Christiana
__ colossal     Colossalis           
__ comenius     ComeniusAntiqua
__ concorde     ConcordeNova         
__ congabra     CongaBrava
__ copal        Copal
__ coriande     Coriander
__ cosmos       Cosmos
__ cremona      Cremona
__ critter      Critter
__ cronos       Cronos
__ ctmercur     CTMercurius          
__ curlz        CurlzMT              
__ cutout       Cutout
__ delphin      Delphin
__ elgreco      ElGreco
__ else         ElseNPL              
__ emmascri     Emmascript           
__ flood        Flood                
__ florens      FlorensLP            
__ fusaka       Fusaka               
__ gallia       MonotypeGallia       
__ garamobe     GaramondBE
__ gillfaci     GillFaciaMT          
__ gillflor     GillFloriatedCapsMT  
__ graphite     Graphite           
__ greymant     GreymantleMVB        
__ hardwood     HardwoodLP           
__ immi505      Immi505              
__ jimbo        Jimbo                
__ khaki        Khaki                
__ kidprint     KidprintMT           
__ kinesis      Kinesis            
__ kochantq     KochAntiqua
__ legault      Legault              
__ lightlin     LightlineGothicMT    
__ lotype       LoType               
__ magnesiu     MagnesiumMVB         
__ magnolia     MagnoliaMVB          
__ mahsuri      MahsuriSansMT        
__ manito       ManitoLP             
__ mendoza      MendozaRoman         
__ mezz         Mezz                 
__ micr         MICR                 
__ monalisa     MonaLisa
__ motterco     MotterCorpus
__ mythos       Mythos               
__ nueva        Nueva              
__ oceansan     OceanSans          
__ origami      Origami              
__ ozwald       Ozwald
__ pastonch     PastonchiMT          
__ pelican      Pelican
__ penumbra     Penumbra
__ pepperwo     Pepperwood
__ poetica      Poetica
__ pompeia      Pompeia              
__ popplexq     PopplExquisit
__ postino      Postino
__ quake        Quake
__ rad          Rad
__ reliq        Reliq
__ rosewood     Rosewood
__ rulngscr     RulingScript
__ russlobl     RusselOblique
__ sanvito      Sanvito
__ sassafra     Sassafras
__ serlio       SerlioLH
__ sho          Sho
__ shuriken     Shuriken             
__ smaragd      Smaragd              
__ spring       SpringLP             
__ spumoni      SpumoniLP            
__ studz        Studz                
__ tiepolo      Tiepolo
__ toolbox      Toolbox
__ verve        Verve              
__ volutasc     VolutaScript         
__ wiesbswi     WiesbadenSwing
__ zebrawoo     Zebrawood


The weight of a font specifies its boldness. Arranged from lightest to heaviest (more or less):

hairline, extra light, light
book, regular, medium
demibold, semibold, bold, extra bold, heavy
black, ultra, poster

Here is the table, from the file `weight.map'. It is organized alphabetically by abbreviation. Each line consists of an abbreviation and any parts of a PostScript `FontName' which use that abbreviation.

a Thin Hairline
b Bold
c Black
d Demi
h Heavy Heavyface
j ExtraLight
k Book
l Light
m Medium
p Poster
r Regular Roman
s Semibold
u Ultra UltraBlack
x ExtraBold ExtraBlack


Variants include typeface variations (e.g., italic, sans serif), and font encodings (e.g., Adobe standard, TeX text).

A fontname may require multiple variants. To resolve the worst ambiguities, we specify that any encoding variant (`7', `8', or `9', see below) come last and any other numeral variant come first (to avoid confusion with a design size). We recommend but do not require that the other variants be given in alphabetical order. (It's not required because it's too painful to implement the sorting in TeX, and many existing names already have non-alphabetized variants.)

The letterspacing possibilities introduced by fontinst and virtual fonts have not yet become sufficiently widespread to make standardization beneficial. Likewise for the many possible ways to generate small caps fonts.

Notes on specific variants, both old and new:

These variants (`semisans', `bright', `semiserif', and `fax') were used only for single typefaces, so to conserve variant abbreviations, they now have typeface abbreviations instead. Also, for `b', to avoid too-long names; and for the others, to avoid variant vs. design-size ambiguities.
Since these variants were not actually used in any font names, they are now obsolete and may be reassigned in the future.
These characters begin a two-character encoding variant. Generally, `7' is for 7-bit encodings, `8' is for 8-bit encodings, and `9' is for expertised encodings with or without oldstyle digits (see the `x' item below), but this is not an absolute rule. Also, `5' is presently used for phonetic encodings and `6' for Cyrillic encodings. The `9s' (`SuperFont') variant contain all of Adobe, Latin 1, and Expert glyphs, perhaps with slightly different metrics than the original fonts. For a font to be named with a certain encoding variant, it's not necessary that all the characters appear in precisely the same positions as in the encoding definition. It's enough that the usual TeX macros work. In practice, this means that it's ok for a font to be labelled `7t' if the only difference from Computer Modern is that the ligatures and the `lslash' and `Lslash' characters are different, since it's impossible to access or change the ligature table from TeX. Standard PostScript fonts don't have an `lslash' character the way Computer Modern does, but they do have the `Lslash' and `lslash' characters themselves, so the usual TeX \lslash and \Lslash macros can be made to work via ligatures. See the file `T1.etx' file in the fontinst distribution for details. If a name does not contain a specific encoding variant, its encoding is unspecified. For example, some of the fonts distributed with Dvips(k) have names like `ptmr' for `Times-Roman'; they use the Dvips encoding (see section `dvips.enc': Dvips encoding), which is close to (but not the same as) the TeX text encoding (as in Computer Modern Roman). Similarly, the TFM files distributed with Dvilj(k) for the builtin LaserJet 4 fonts have names like `cunm', since these fonts, while compatible with TeX text, contain many additional characters.
These items are needed only because `x' (and possibly `j') followed by a two-character regular variant makes some names too long. That is, `9t' is equivalent in meaning to `x7t', and `9d' is equivalent to `jx7t'. (This may not be true for all `9x' encodings, though.)
These variants (indicating Greek and Cyrillic fonts, respectively) are obsolete; future fonts in different scripts should be assigned an appropriate encoding abbreviation. These are not currently standardized, due to ignorance of the appropriate encodings. Please send suggestions for abbreviations to the address in section Introduction.
These math-related variants remain for the sake of typeface-specific math encodings, e.g., Lucida. Fonts that use the Computer Modern math encodings should use `7m' (see section `texmital.enc': TeX math italic encoding), `7v' (see section `texmext.enc': TeX math symbol encoding), and `7y' (see section `texmsym.enc': TeX math symbol encoding).
This is used for several different (but very rare) variants: only the Stone typeface has an "informal" variant, and only a few Monotype fonts have a "schoolbook" variant, with different `a', `g', and `y' shapes.
Included only if no other variants, including encodings, apply, and either the width (see section Widths) is not `r' or a design size is present. I.e., `r' is only used as a placeholder. When the normal version of the typeface is sans serif (e.g., Helvetica), `r' should be used when necessary, not `s'. Use `s' only when the typeface family has both serif and sans serif variants.
Mittelbach in TUGboat 13(1) suggests that these variants (for `sans' and `typewriter') should be identified as part of the typeface name, because there are few typeface families with these variants. I feel that since they are logically variants, it's best to name them that way. But `LucidaSans' (see section Typefaces) and a few others are exceptions, to avoid too-long names.
`8x' indicates a font in the `Expert' encoding itself. `x' indicates an expertised font, i.e., a composite (virtual) font that includes characters from an `8x' font. And in fact an `xee' sequence is replaced by `9e', to save characters.

Fontname 1 assignments are shown in brackets in the following table, from the file `variant.map'. It is organized alphabetically by abbreviation. Each line consists of an abbreviation and either any parts of a PostScript `FontName' which use that abbreviation or the PostScript `Encoding' name.

0 inferior
1 superior
obsolete [2=>7c] Fraktur encoding
obsolete [3=>7f] Fraction
obsolete [4 fax; now typeface `lx', Lucida Fax]
5 escape for (presently) phonetic encodings
6 escape for Cyrillic encodings [was `SemiSerif']
7 escape for (mostly) 7-bit encodings
8 escape for (mostly) 8-bit encodings
9 escape for (presently) expert encodings [was oldstyle digits]
a Alt Arrows Alternative             [was alternate encoding]
obsolete [b bright; now typeface lh, Lucida Bright]
c SmallCaps
d Display Titling Caption Headline TallCaps SwashCaps LombardicCaps
e Engraved Copperplate Elite
f Fraktur Gothic OldEnglish Handtooled (`gothic' can also be sans)
g SmallText      designed for small sizes [was grooved, as in the IBM logo]
h Shadow
i Italic Kursiv Ital                 text italic
j                                    old-style digits [was invisible]
k Greek                              obsolete
l Outline OpenFace Blanks
m math italic
n Informal Fashion Schlbk            for Stone
o Oblique Obl                        slanted
p Ornaments
obsolete [q=>8t Cork (TeX extended) encoding]
r                                    roman or sans; often omitted, see text
s Gothic                             sans serif
t Monospace                          fixed-width typewriter
u                                    unslanted italic
v MathExtension
w Script Handwritten Swash Calligraphy Cursive Tango
x built with Adobe expert encoding [was expert-encoded]
y MathSymbol
z Cyrillic                           font-dependent Cyrillic
5a PhoneticAlternate
5i PhoneticIPA
5s sil-IPA
5t TeX-IPA                           Fukui Rei, LaTeX T3
5w TeXAfricanLatin                   wsuipa fonts, LaTeX OT3
5z user
6a T2A
6b Cyrillic part of ISO 8859-5, seven bits
6c T2C
6d Cyrillic CP866 encoding
6i ISO 8859-5
6k Cyrillic KOI-8 encoding
6m Cyrillic Macintosh encoding
6t T2B
6w Cyrillic CP1251 encoding
6x X2
6z user
7a A                                 alternate characters only
7c Dfr                               Fraktur
7d OsF OSF                           oldstyle digit encoding
7f Fraction
7k OT2Cyrillic
7m TeXMathItalicEncoding             see section `texmital.enc: TeX math italic encoding'
7t                       TeX text encoding (as in Computer Modern Roman)
7v TeXMathExtensionEncoding          see section `texmext.enc: TeX math symbol encoding'
7y TeXMathSymbolEncoding             see section `texmsym.enc: TeX math symbol encoding'
7z user
82 GreekKeys
83 Ibycus1
84 Ibycus2
8a StandardEncoding                  Adobe standard encoding, see section `8a.enc: Adobe standard encoding'
8c TeXTextCompanion                  LaTeX TS1
8f TeXAfricanLatin                   LaTeX T4
8i TS0                               Intersection of TS1/Adobe Standard
8m Macintosh standard encoding
8n LM1 Textures
8r TeXBase1Encoding                  see section `8r.enc: TeX base encoding'
8t CorkEncoding                      see section `cork.enc: Cork encoding'
8u XT2Encoding                       cmtt + Latin 2, see `xl2.enc'
8v TeXVietnamese                     to be defined
8w Windows 3.1 ANSI encoding
8x Expert                            expert encoding
8y LY1                               TeX 'n ANSI
8z XL2Encoding                       cmr + Latin 2, see `xl2.enc'
9c expert + Text companion
9d expert + oldstyle digits + Cork
9e expert + Cork
9i TS0X                              Intersection of TS1/Standard/Expert
9o expert + oldstyle digits + TeX text
9s SF                                SuperFont
9t expert + TeX text
9z user


The width of a font specifies the compression or expansion of the font. Arranged from narrowest to widest (more or less):

ultra compressed, extra condensed, compressed, condensed, narrow
extended, expanded, wide

Expansion or compression of fonts is sometimes done automatically (as by the PostScript scale operator), and sometimes done by humans. In the latter case, the human will also presumably choose a font name which includes `Extended' or `Expanded' or `Condensed' or `Narrow' or whatever according to their own preferences; the abbreviation can follow along. When creating a new synthetically expanded or compressed font for use with TeX, e.g., with Afm2tfm or fontinst, use `n' and `e'.

Here is the table, from the file `width.map'. It is organized alphabetically by abbreviation. Each line consists of an abbreviation and any parts of a PostScript `FontName' which use that abbreviation.

c Condensed Cond
e Expanded
n Narrow
o UltraCondensed
p Compressed Compact
q ExtraCompressed ExtraCondensed
r Normal Medium Regular (usually omitted)
t Thin
u UltraCompressed
v ExtraExpanded more than Expanded, less than Wide
w Wide
x Extended Elongated

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